Union of Soviet Socialist Republics “USSR”, in Russian it sounds like Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik. It was created in 1922 and finished its existence in 1991. The Soviet Union was the first state to be based on Marxist socialism. From 1922 to 1989 the Communist party controlled government, and the party’s politburo effectively ruled the country. The general secretary was thesupreme leader of the whole country.
Russia, officially the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic “RSFSR”, was only one of 15 the constituent republics, but the terms “Russia”, the “USSR”, and the “Soviet Union” were often usedinterchangeably. From 1940 to 1991 the USSR was divided into 15 union republics-Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belorussia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia, Russia, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan-joined in a federal union.
We start our Moscow tour not far from the center of Moscow, by Presnya street, near Barrikadnaya. The first Moscow store for the proletariat.
In 1927-1929 Vesniny brothers on Red Presne 48/2 p. 2 built the Presnensky MOSTORG later renamed Krasnopresnensky department store. The Moscow store opened on November, 7th, 1927.
Completely glazed facade of a building became a bright expression of the availability of Moscow shops for the proletariat which was not supposed in similar shops before revolution. Besides, this construction became an example of economical building of the western type based on use of an accurately calculated concrete frame. The combination of thin steel and a glass cover with the continuous planes of the walls showed the skill of this group of authors. In 2002 -Benetton company bought this building.
Then we go toward the Barricadnaya street, near Moscow Zoo and 4 km from center of Moscow city.
Next point on our map is Moscow Planetarium, opened-05.11.1929 and built for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky. For decades, Soviet schoolchildren went to the Moscow Planetarium for watching stars. The space-age cupola of the moscow’s “Planetarium”, embodied the Utopian dreams of glorious beautiful country’s future.
In Soviet times Moscow Planetarium was the largest and oldest planetariums in Russia. A dominant feature of the Moscow planetarium is the large dome-shaped projection screen onto which scenes of stars and planets can be made to appear and move realistically to show the heaven’s map.
Unfortunately, The Planetarium was closed to the public half a century after Yury Gagarin’s pioneering space flight, following almost two decades of emergency repairs, in the troubled times following the 1991 (collapse of the Soviet Union).
For tourists all over the world Moscow can offer expensive or cheap apartments, suited to different tastes. There is a very large choice of Moscow apartments, where you can stay, but now we can talk about MOSCOW Hotel, (Hotel Moskva ) , placed on the Historical center of Moscow, Okhotny Ryad, which is very close to the Kremlin walls.
In the middle of the twentieth years of the XIX century Russia suffered of civil war, but definitely at this time a decision to build the largest hotel in the center of country was decided . The place of project was chosen near Kremlin -on the Ohotnyj Ryad street. MOSCOW hotel is the most central of the Moscow hotels, it is placed in a one hundred meters from the “Zero-Kilometer of the Russian Roads”. A lot of more important attractions and sights of Moscow you can see from the windows of the hotel, such as Golden domes of ancient cathedrals of the Kremlin, the temple of the Christ-Savior, and Bolshoy and Maly Theatres.
The first MOSCOW Hotel (Hotel Moskva) was constructed from 1932 until 1938 and opened in 1935 at 20th of December and it was from the first days the pride of Moscow city due to its magnificent architecture, beautiful halls. The MOSCOW Hotel designed by Aleksei Viktorovich Shchusev, it is one of Moscow’s great hotels and was detailed a lot with works of art and mosaics by some of better artists of the Soviet Union.
In MOSCOW Hotel (Hotel Moskva) lived a lot of world-famous people, for example Alexey Stahanov and Valery Chkalov, Demyan Bedny and Ilya Erenburg, George Zhukov and Konstantin Rokossovsky, Lyudmila Tselikovskaya, Michael Zharov and Arcady Rajkin, Frederik Jolio-Kiuri and Pablo Nerudo, Jury Gagarin, Boris Yeltsin and a lot of others.
Russia and especially Moscow changes every year, but despite of the huge changes, the MOSCOW hotel (Hotel Moskva) still occupies an important place in system of a hotels of the capital.
The old hotel was destroyed in 2004 for a modern reproduction. The new hotel has underground parking and other features not necessary in the 1930s. The vestibule of the hotel has an entrance to the Metro’s Okhotny Ryad station.